Steinbeck’s story has been tested as incompletely fictionalized. Bill Steigerwald, a previous staff author for Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and a partner supervisor for Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, followed the course as it is spread out in the Travels with Charley, and expounded on it in a 2011 article named “Sorry, Charley,” distributed in Reason magazine. He later independently published his investigation in a 2012 book, named Dogging Steinbeck. Steigerwald presumed that Travels contains a particularly level of development, and Steinbeck took such incredible freedom with reality, that the work has restricted case to being non-fiction.
He utilizes the discourse with the vagrant Shakespearean entertainer close to Alice, North Dakota, to represent his point. On October 12, Steinbeck composed a letter to his significant other portraying an inn in the Badlands where he was remaining, on a similar date (October 12) as the alleged discussion in Alice. Given that the Badlands are exactly 350 miles from Alice, Steigerwald inferred that the discussion with the entertainer was probably not going to have occurred. Steigerwald likewise challenges that Steinbeck was “improvising” during his excursion, or that it was a performance journey, save for Charley. Steigerwald composed:
Steinbeck was never alone on his excursion. Out of 75 days from New York, he went with, remained with, and laid down with his dearest spouse, Elaine, on 45 days. On 17 different days he remained at inns and occupied truck stops and trailer courts, or left his camper on the property of companions. Steinbeck didn’t improvise. With Elaine he remained at a portion of the nation’s top lodgings, inns, and resorts, also fourteen days at the Steinbeck family bungalow in Pacific Grove, California, and seven days at a Texas dairy cattle farm for tycoons. Without help from anyone else, as he concedes in Charley, he frequently remained in rich motels.
Steigerwald was by all account not the only individual to guarantee Steinbeck didn’t compose an absolutely nonfictional travelog; Steinbeck’s child accepted that his dad imagined a significant part of the discourse in the book, saying: “He just sat in his camper and composed all that [expletive].”
Steinbeck researchers by and large have not contested Steigerwald’s discoveries, yet they have questioned their significance.
For instance, Susan Shillinglaw, an educator of English at San Jose State University and researcher at the National Steinbeck Center, told the New York Times: “Any essayist has the option to shape materials, and without a doubt Steinbeck forgot about things. That doesn’t make the book a lie.” with respect to the alleged discussions, she said: “Regardless of whether Steinbeck met that entertainer where he says he did, he might have met such a figure sooner or later in his life. Furthermore, maybe he upgraded a portion of the tales with the server. Does it truly matter that much?”
Jay Parini, creator of a Steinbeck history, who composed the presentation for the Penguin version of Travels, told the New York Times: theadventuretrip
I have consistently accepted that somewhat it’s a work of fiction. Steinbeck was a fiction essayist, and here he’s molding occasions, rubbing them. He presumably wasn’t utilizing a recording device. Be that as it may, I actually feel there’s a genuineness there. Does this shake my confidence in the book? A remarkable inverse. I would say yippee for Steinbeck. In the event that you need to get at the soul of something, now and then it’s critical to utilize the procedures of a fiction essayist. Why has this book remained in the American creative mind, not at all like, for instance, Michael Harrington’s The Other America, which came out at the equivalent time?
Bill Barich, who composed Long Way Home: On the Trail of Steinbeck’s America, additionally a backtracking of Steinbeck’s strides, said:
I’m genuinely sure that Steinbeck made up the vast majority of the book. The discourse is so wooden. Steinbeck was amazingly discouraged, in truly downright awful, and was debilitate by everybody from making the outing. He was attempting to recover his childhood, the soul of the knight-deviant. In any case, by then he was likely unequipped for meeting conventional individuals. He’d become a VIP and was more keen on conversing with Dag Hammarskjold and Adlai Stevenson. The pass on was most likely cast well before he hit the street, and a ton of what he composed was shaded by the way that he was so sick. Be that as it may, I actually treat appropriately a ton of the thing he said about the country. His insights were perfect about the demise of localism, the developing homogeneity of America, the destroying of the climate. He was perceptive pretty much all that.